Hydrogen Peroxide Fact Sheet

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2. SL - 119 - B - 0.00. © 2 0 1 5 ChemDAQ Inc. • 300 Business Center Drive • Pittsburgh, PA • 15205 P hone 412.787.0202 • fax 412.788.2526 Hydrogen Peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) Fact Sheet Continued Detection Methods  ChemDAQ Steri - Trac ® co ntinuous monitor for Hydrogen peroxide . 19  SKC absorption tube. 20  OSHA method ID - 126 - SG , TiO(SO4) impinger 21 Spill Control 22  Small Spills: Diluted w ith plenty of water to <1.0% and wash a ll surfaces, articles and clothi ng which have been contaminated.  Large Spills: For large spills, approach fr om upwind only if safe to do so due to hazardous vapor. Appropriate respirators and other PPE may be require d. If possible , stem t he spill and dam spilled liquid with sand or earth. Avoid discharge to the environment and if it occurs i mmediately notify the appropriate federal, state and local authorities. Dispose of the spilled material in accordance with all ap plicable regulations, and subsequently decontaminate all surfaces, clothing and other articles with plenty of water.  For any spills, DO NOT mop up with paper, clot h or other combustible material.  Due to rapid decomposition, hydrogen peroxide will not accu mulate in the environment. Regulatory Environment 19 http://www.chemdaq.com/products/steri - trac - area - monitors/steri - trac - hydrogen - peroxide - area - monitor/ 20 http://www.skcinc.com/catalog/infopage.php?id=6019 21 https://www.osha.gov/dts/sltc/methods/partial/t - id126sg - pv - 01 - 0201 - m/t - id126sg - pv - 01 - 0201 - m.html 22 Hydrogen Peroxide Safety and Handling Technical Data sheet, http://www.solva ychemicals.us/SiteCollectionDocuments/tds/HH - 2323.pdf United States OSHA  Duties: Employers have a duty to provide a safe work environment and employees have a duty to work safely. 23  Hazard Communication Regulation 24 , suppliers (labels, safety data sheets), Empl oyers (facilities, work practices, training and personal protective equipment ) to enable the safe use of the chemicals. EPA  H 2 O 2 is a registered pesticide under FIFRA for hard non - porous surfaces, 25 including sterilization. 26  Approved for anthrax spore deco ntamination 27 FDA /USDA : Hydrogen peroxide is generally considered safe when used for food processing. 28 DOT – Class 5. 1, packing group II for 20 – 60%, group 1 for > 60% w/w. 29 European Union Article 1.6. MAINTENANCE - annex 1 of machinery directive 2006/4 2/EC §243 Cleaning of internal parts. ... Where it is not possible to avoid entering such parts, the necessary protective measures must be taken, such as, for example, the fitting of an adequate ventilation system, the monitoring of the concentration of haz ardous substances , or of the lack of oxygen in the air and 23 Occupational Safety and Health Act 1970, §5 24 29 CFR 1910.1200 25 EPA (Nov. 29012) http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/chemicals/hydrogenperoxide_peroxyaceticacid_f actsheet.htm 26 http://www.epa.gov/oppad001/list_a_sterilizer.pdf , Feb 2014 27 http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factshe ets/chemicals/hydrogenperoxide_peroxyaceticacid_ factsheet.htm 28 http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=184.1366 29 http://www.solvaychemicals.us/SiteCollectionDocuments/tds/HH - 2323.pdf provisions for the surveillance and safe rescue of operators. 30 ER Regulation (EU) No 528/2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products. 31 Full registration under REACH, & list of registered suppliers 32 United Kingdom COSHH Regulations. (Employers have a duty to assess the workplace, identify chemical health hazards, take necessary measures to protect health, provide information & training to employees, and plan for emergencies). 33 CHIP regulations concern hazardous informati on and packaging (implementing the Dangerous Substances Directive (No. 67/548/EEC), and the Dangerous Preparations Directive (No. 99/45/EC). 34 CHIP is being replaced by the European Regulation (EC ) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP Regs.) 35 30 Guide to the Application of the M achine Direc tive 2006/42/EC http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/mechanical/files/machinery/guide - appl - 2006 - 42 - ec - 2nd - 201006_en.pdf 31 http://eur - lex.europa.eu/legal - content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32012R0528 32 http://apps.echa.europa.eu/registered/data/dos siers/DISS - 9d928d34 - d05a - 47c7 - e044 - 00144f67d249/DISS - 9d928d34 - d05a - 47c7 - e044 - 00144f67d249_DISS - 9d928d34 - d05a - 47c7 - e044 - 00144f67d249.html#REGISTRANTS_SUPPLIERS 33 http://www.hse.gov.uk/coshh/basics.htm 34 http://www.hse.gov.uk/chemical - classification/legal/ chip - regulations.htm 35 http://www.hse.gov.uk/chemical - classification/legal/clp - regulation.htm

1. SL - 119 - B - 0.00. © 2 0 1 5 ChemDAQ Inc. • 300 Business Center Drive • Pittsburgh, PA • 15205 P hone 412.787.0202 • fax 412.788.2526 Hydrogen Peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) Fact Sheet Hydrogen Peroxide ( H 2 O 2 ) is a biocidal chemical often used in healthcare sterile processing and food processing . While necessary for sterilization and disinfection , hydrogen peroxide is a highly corrosive chemical. Kn ow the facts for process management and safety. Uses of Hydrogen Peroxide Biocide: Healthcare, aseptic packaging, bottling B leach: pulp & paper , bleaching agent for food Oxidizer: Rocket Propulsion 1 Chemical Properties (H 2 O 2 )  Hydrogen peroxide is a str ong oxidizing agent, and primary irritant but a weak acid (pK a = 11.62 ).  No odor at low concentrations, acid - like odor at high concentrations reported by some people.  M ol. Wt 34.01 g/mol, CAS 7722 - 84 - 1 , MP - 0.43 o C, BP 152 o C . Note : may decompose violently if traces of impurities are present. 1  Its oxidation potential makes it a very efficient biocide, and bleaching agent . This high reactivity also means that it rapidly breaks down in the environment to benign ox ygen and water making it environmentally friendly but hazardous to anyone exposed to it.  Incompatibilities & Reactivities : Oxidizable materials, iron, copper, brass, bronze, chromium, zinc, lead, silver, manganese. Contact with combustible material may re sult in SPONTANEOUS combustion. 2 Microbiocidal Activity Hydrogen peroxide has been shown to be effective against all forms of microorganisms, including dormant forms with known high resistance such as bacterial spores and protozoal cysts, and also infecti ous proteins such as prions depending on the specific use of the chemical. 3 1 Merck Index, 12 th Edition 2 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0335.html 3 The Use of Hydrogen Peroxide for Disinfection and Sterilization Applications Pe roxides (2014). Gerald McDonnell; Publ. Wiley, online: 28 APR 2014 Hazard Summary 4  Liquid contact can severely irritate and burn the skin and damage the eyes  Inhalation of vapor can irritate nose and throat and lungs and higher exposures may cau se a pulmonary edema (a medical emergency caused by build up of fluids in the lungs).  Exposure can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.  Hydrogen peroxide is a mutagen – handle it as a possible carcinogen. ACGIH classifies it as a ‘confirmed ani mal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans.’ 5  Hydrogen peroxide is a reactive and dangerous explosion hazard, and a strong oxidizer, which may enhance combustion of other substances.  Symptoms : irritation eyes, nose, throat; corneal ulcer; erythema (sk in redness), vesiculation skin; bleaching hair . 6 Mutagen, corrosive, reactive, oxidizer, poisonous gases are produced in fire, containers may explode in fire. 7 NFPA R ating with concentration) 8 H 2 O 2 Conc. wt.% Health Flammability Reactivity < 8 0 0 0 8 - 20 1 0 1 20 - 52 3 0 1 52 - 91 3 0 2 > 91 3 0 3 4 http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/1015.pdf 5 2014 Guide to Occupational Exposure values, ACGIH 6 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0335.html 7 http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkwe b/documents/fs/1015.pdf 8 http://www.h2o2.com/technical - library/default.aspx?pid=76&name=Hazard - Classes Oxidizer Class w ith Concentration 9 Concentration Example s <8% , ( Non - Hazardous ) Contact lens sterilizer (2%) , Over - the - counter H 2 O 2 (3%) , Liquid detergent bleach (5%) , Hair bleach (7.5%) 8% - 28% ( Clas s 1 ) E.g. Pool shock (27%); 28.1% - 52% ( Class 2 ) Most industrial strength grades 52.1% - 91% ( Class 3 ) H 2 O 2 sterilizers, chemical processes >91% ( Class 4 ) Rocket propellant Class 1. An oxidizer that does not moderately increase the burning rate of combus tible materials with which it comes into contact. Class 2. An oxidizer that causes a moderate increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes into contact. Class 3. An oxidizer that causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes into contact. Class 4. An oxidizer that can undergo an explosive reaction due to contamination or exposure to thermal or physical shock and that causes a severe increase in the burning rate of combustible materials with which it comes into contact. 10 NIOSH RTECS #: MX0900000 11 RTECS Compound Description: Tumorigen , Drug , Mutagen , Human Data , Hormone , Primary Irritant Exposure Limits  US OSHA PEL 1 ppm ( 8 Hr TWA) ; 12  Hawaii and 13 Washington State 14 3 ppm short term exposure limit [STEL], ( 15 min TWA) .  UK HSE WEL 1ppm ( 8 hr TWA ) , 2ppm STEL ( 15 min TWA) 15  ACGIH STEL TLV 1 ppm, ( 8 Hr TWA) 16  NIOSH REL 1 ppm (hr TWA) 17 , IDLH 75 ppm. 18 9 http://www.h2o2.com/technical - library/default.aspx?pid=76&name=Hazard - Classes 10 http://codesonline.nfpa.org/a/c.ref/ID00001135745/chapter 11 http:/ /www.cdc.gov/niosh - rtecs/MXDBBA0.html 12 29 CFR 1910.1000 Tbl Z - 1 13 http://labor.hawaii.gov/hiosh/files/2012/12/12 - 60 - General - Safety - Health - Requiremen ts.pdf , retrieved 1/15/2013 14 http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=296 - 841 - 20025 15 EH40/2005 Workplace exposure limits (publ. 2011) 16 2014 Guide to Occupational Exposure Values, ACGIH 17 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0335.html 18 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/intridl4.html

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